List of state leaders in the 9th century

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State leaders in the 8th centuryState leaders in the 10th centuryState leaders by year

This is a list of state leaders in the 9th century (801–900) AD.

Africa[edit]

Africa: Northeast[edit]

Africa: Northcentral[edit]

  • ʿAbdu l-Wahhab ibn Abd ar-Rahman, Imam (788–824)
  • Aflah ibn ʿAbdi l-Wahhab, Imam (824–872)
  • Abu Bakr ibn Aflah, Imam (872–874)
  • Muhammad Abu l-Yaqzan ibn Aflah, Imam (874–894)
  • Yusuf Abu Hatim ibn Muhammad Abi l-Yaqzan, Imam (894–895, 899–906)
  • Yaʿqub ibn Aflah, Imam (895–899)

Africa: Northwest[edit]

  • Ilyâs ibn Sâlih, King (792–842)[2]
  • Yunus ibn Ilyas, King (c.842–888)
  • Abu Ghafir Muhammad, King (c.888–917)

America: Mesoamerica[edit]

  • Chan Pet, King (c. 849)

Asia[edit]

Asia: Central[edit]

Tibet

Asia: East[edit]

Turks

  • Ai tengride ülüg bulmïsh alp qutlugh ulugh bilge, Khagan (795–808)
  • Ai tengride qut bulmïsh külüg bilge, Khagan (808–821)
  • Kün tengride ülüg bulmïsh alp küchlüg bilge, Khagan (821–824)
  • Ai tengride qut bulmïsh alp bilge, Khagan (824–832)
  • Ai tengride qut bulmïsh alp külüg bilge, Khagan (832–839)
  • Kürebir, Khagan (839–840)
  • Öge, Khagan (841–847)

China

Japan

Korea: North–South States Period

Asia: Southeast[edit]

Indonesia: Java

  • Pucukbumi Darmeswara, Maharaja (795–819)
  • Prabu Gajah Kulon Rakeyan Wuwus, Maharaja (819–891)
  • Prabu Darmaraksa, Maharaja (891–895)
  • Windusakti Prabu Dewageng, Maharaja (895–913)

Malaysia: Peninsular

  • Maha Jiwa, Maharaja (c.788–832)
  • Karma II, Maharaja (c.832–880)
  • Darma Raja II, Maharaja (c.880–956)[citation needed]

Thailand

  • Lao Gab, King (8th–9th century)

Vietnam

  • Indravarman I, King (c.787–c.803)

Asia: South[edit]

Afghanistan

  • Pati Dumi, King (?–815)
  • Lagaturman, King (815–c.850)

Bengal and Northeast India

  • Salambha, King (795–815)
  • Harjjaravarman, King (815–832)
  • Vanamalavarman, King (832–855)
  • Jayamala, King (855–860)
  • Balavarman III, King (860–880)
  • Tyagasimha, King (890–900)

India

  • Anantavarman III, King (c.808–812)
  • Rajendravarman II, King (c.812–840)
  • Devendravarman IV, King (893–?)
  • Devendravarman V, King (c.885–895)
  • Gunamaharnava I, King (c.895–939)
  • Vajrahasta II (or Anangabhimadeva I), King (c.895–939)
  • Shivamara II, King (788–816)
  • Rachamalla I, King (816–843)
  • Ereganga Neetimarga, King (843–870)
  • Rachamalla II, King (870–907)
  • Lakshmanaraja I, King (825–850)
  • Kokalla I, King (850–890)
  • Shankaragana II, King (890–910)[5]
  • Basantana Dev, King (850–870)
  • Kharpar Dev, King (870–880)
  • Abhiraj Dev, King (880–890)
  • Tribhuvanraj Dev, King (890–900)
  • Nimbarta Dev, King (900–915)
  • Nandivarman III, King (mid 9th century)[6]
  • Nirupathungan, King (late 9th century, only in Aiyangar chronology)
  • Aparajitavarman, King (882/879–897)[6]
  • The Pallava dynasty has two chronologies of rulers.
  • Upendra, King (c.800–c.818)
  • Vairisimha I, King (9th century)
  • Siyaka I, King (9th century)
  • Vakpati I, King (9th–10th century)
  • Bhathabhatt, Rajput (790–813)
  • Rawal singh, Rajput (813–820)
  • Khumman II, Rajput (820–853)
  • Mahayak, Rajput (853–878)

Sri Lanka

Asia: West[edit]

Mesopotamia

Persia

Europe[edit]

Europe: Balkans[edit]

Europe: British Isles[edit]

Great Britain: Scotland

Great Britain: Northumbria

Great Britain: England

  • King (798–812)
  • Duke (812–825)

Great Britain: Wales

Ireland

  • Cu Masach mac Cathal, King (?–825)
  • Gofraidh mac Fearghus, King (fl.835)
  • Foghartaigh mac Mael Breasal, King (?–850/852)
  • Congalach mac Finnachta, King (?–874)
  • Mael Padraig mac Mael Curarada, King (?–882)
  • Maol Craoibh ua Duibh Sionach, King (?–917)
  • Muircheartach mac Donnghal, King (c.800–806)
  • Mael Dúin mac Échtgal, King (?–822)
  • Ceallach son of Cearnach, King (?)
  • Tighearnán mac Seallachan, King (c.888)
  • Ruarc mac Tighearnáin, Lord (c.893)

Europe: Central[edit]

  • Lech, Prince (?–805)
  • Gundachar, Margrave (858–863), Prefect (863–869)
  • Henry, Margrave (882–892)
  • Álmos, Grand Prince (c.850–c.895)
  • Árpád, Grand Prince (c.895–c.907)
  • Richholf, Prince-archbishop (787–813)
  • Adolf, Prince-archbishop (813–826)
  • Odgar, Prince-archbishop (826–847)
  • Rabanus Maurus, Prince-archbishop (848–856)
  • Karl, Prince-archbishop (856–863)
  • Ludbert, Prince-archbishop (863–889)
  • Sunderhold, Prince-archbishop (889–891)
  • Hatto I, Prince-archbishop (891–913)
  • Goddank, Prince-bishop (881–895/898)
  • Einhard, Prince-bishop (895/898–913)
  • Hugo, Graf, Count (866–869)
  • Liutfrid, Count (876–902)
  • Radbod, Prince-bishop (898–915)
  • Gunzo, Prince-bishop (859–872)
  • Adelhelm, Prince-bishop (873–890)
  • Dietlach, Prince-bishop (890–914)

Europe: East[edit]

Ashina dynasty: Khazar Khagans
Bulanid dynasty

Europe: Nordic[edit]

Europe: Southcentral[edit]

Holy Roman Empire in Italy

Integrum: Simultaneous claimants

Europe: Southwest[edit]

Iberian Peninsula

Marca Hispanica

Europe: West[edit]

Franks

Middle Francia

West Francia

  • Odalric, Count (c.850s)
  • Altmar, Count (c.890s)
  • Adelelm, Count (?–932)

Eurasia: Caucasus[edit]

  • Sahl Smbatean, Prince (815–840)
  • Adarnase I, Prince (840–865)
  • Hama I, Prince (865–893)
  • Adarnase II, King (897–943)

References[edit]

  1. ^ This is primarily covered in the chronicle of al-Nuwayri.
  2. ^ Dates with question marks are calculated on the basis of a secondary source [1][permanent dead link]. Other info is from Ibn Khaldun.
  3. ^ R. K. Dikshit 1976, p. 25.
  4. ^ Sushil Kumar Sullerey 2004, p. 25.
  5. ^ Rajiv Kumar Verma (2015). "Kalachuri Inscriptions : A Reflection of Dwindling Political Power" (PDF). Veethika. 1 (3).
  6. ^ a b c Sen, Sailendra (2013). A Textbook of Medieval Indian History. Primus Books. pp. 41–42. ISBN 978-9-38060-734-4.
  7. ^ Ó Corráin (1998) p. 34
  8. ^ Ó Corráin (1998) pp. 36–37
  9. ^ Gregory (1881) pp. 4–6
  10. ^ Ketil Flatnev (Store norske leksikon)
  11. ^ a b c Bowlus, 287.
  12. ^ Bryce, James The Holy Roman Empire (1913), pg. xxxv
  13. ^ a b Monarchs, Counts, Dynasties And Kingdoms Of The World, by R F Tapsell, 1983, Facts On File, Inc., New York, NY, page 211.